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Although non-athlete weightlifters for the bulk of anabolic steroid misuse, occasional steroid use by professional and Olympic athletes to improve performance or cheat in competition "doping" has done the most to raise awareness of steroid misuse. The World Anti-Doping Agency WADA was founded in to consistently apply anti-doping policies across sports organizations and governments around the world.
Non-compliant organizations can face sanctions such as event cancellation, loss of WADA funding, or ineligibility to host events.
Refinements in drug testing have improved the ability to detect anti-doping violations, resulting in increased s of reported violations over recent years. For example, the discovery of long-term steroid metabolites has lengthened the drug detection window, making it more difficult for athletes to pass drug tests by simply discontinuing steroid use just prior to an event.
In addition, more sensitive technologies have allowed detection of lower metabolite thresholds. Although testing procedures are now in place to deter steroid use among professional and Olympic athletes, new deer drugs constantly become available that can escape detection and put athletes willing to cheat one step ahead of testing efforts.
These samples are then used as reference points for future testing, thereby eliminating the possibility that a person tests positive simply because he or she has naturally elevated levels of testosterone when compared to the general population. Athletes taking over-the-counter nutritional supplements may believe that such products are safe.
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However, nutritional supplements are not subjected to the same pre-approval requirements and quality tests as FDA-approved medications. Nutritional supplements sometimes contain banned substances that are not indicated in their labels. National Institutes of Health.
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About NIDA. Research Report. Drug Testing and Nutritional Supplements Athletes taking over-the-counter nutritional supplements may believe that such products are safe.
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