Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug acquired in the dried latex form the opium poppy Papaver somniferum seed pod. Heroin is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium. Traditionally the unripened pod is slit open and the sap seeps out and dries on the outer surface of the pod. The resulting yellow-brown latex, which is scraped off of the pod, is bitter in taste and contains varying amounts of alkaloids such as morphinecodeinethebaine and papaverine.
Other synthetic or semisynthetic opium derivatives include fentanylmethadoneoxycodone and hydrocodone.
In the U. Most supplies in the U. Afghanistan is the worldwide capital of opium cultivation, leading to about three-quarters of the world's heroin supply. Opium's history dates back to B. The poppy plant is a flowering plant that is used in the garden for its beautiful flowers, often red, pink, purple, orange or white. Poppy seeds are used in baking and can be purchased in the spice section at the grocery.
Poppy seeds may be used in cakes and on top of bagels commercially.
Poppy seeds do have small amounts of opium content and eating poppy seeds may rarely yield a positive result on drug tests. Usually, most of the opium is removed from the poppy seeds during processing. However, according to the U. According to the USADAmorphine and codeine may be detected in the urine up to 2 days after consuming poppy seeds from baked items such as pastries, bagels, muffins, and cakes. WADA-accredited laboratories mark a urine sample as positive for morphine when the level exceeds 1.
How is opium used?
This medication is used to decrease control diarrhea The effects of opium the reducing the and frequency of bowel movements. It works by increasing smooth muscle tone and decreasing fluid secretions in the intestines. This slows the movement of bowel matter through the intestines. Heroin diacetylmorphine is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium and is roughly 2 to 3 times more potent.
A highly addictive drug, heroin exhibits euphoric "rush"anxiolytic and analgesic central nervous system properties. Heroin is classified as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act of and as such has no acceptable medical use in the United States.
Pure heroin is a white powder that tastes bitter.
Because heroin abusers do not know the actual strength of the drug or its true contents, they are at risk of overdose or death. Heroin which is derived from opium is most often injected, however, it may also be vaporized or smokedsniffed also known as snortingused The effects of opium a rectal suppository, or orally ingested by mouth.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this applies to your personal circumstances. Opium History Opium's history dates back to B. It was used by the ancient Greeks and Romans as a potent pain reliever. The Assyrians and the Egyptians also cultivated opium, and it traveled along the Silk Road a series of travel routes between Europe and China where it was involved in the beginning of the Opium Wars of the s.
Cardiotoxic effects of raw opium
Opium dens were places where opium could be bought and sold, and were also found worldwide, especially in Southeast Asia, China and Europe. Chinese immigrants who came to the U. Poppy seeds and drug testing The poppy plant is a flowering plant that is used in the garden for its beautiful flowers, often red, pink, purple, orange or white.
Heroin abuse Heroin diacetylmorphine is derived from the morphine alkaloid found in opium and is roughly 2 to 3 times more potent. Most illicit heroin is sold as a white or brownish powder and may be "cut" with other substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine.
It can also be cut with strychnine or other poisons. Another form of heroin known as "black tar" may be sticky, like roofing tar, or hard, like coal. Its color may vary from dark brown to black.
This form is smoked or snorted up the nose. Recently, more potent opioids such as fentanyl The effects of opium carfentanyl have been found "cut" into heroin sold on the streets, and can be deadly to unsuspecting users. Death have been reported. Heroin methods of use Heroin which is derived from opium is most often injected, however, it may also be vaporized or smokedsniffed also known as snortingused as a rectal suppository, or orally ingested by mouth.
Smoking, snorting or orally ingesting heroin does not produce an intense "rush" as might be experienced with intravenous IV injection. Oral ingestion does not usually lead to a "rush", but use of heroin in suppository form may have intense euphoric effects. Heroin can be strongly addictive by any given route, and its use can be hard to overcome. DEA Museum. Accessed Nov. National Opioid Crisis.
US Dept. Treatment of Opioid-Use Disorders. N Engl J Med ; Subscribe to our newsletters.
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